The Garden

By ANDREW MARVELL  (1621-1678)



How vainly men themselves amaze

To win the palm, the oak, or bays,

And their incessant labors see

Crowned from some single herb, or tree,

Whose short and narrow-verged shade

Does prudently their toils upbraid;

While all flowers and all trees do close

To weave the garlands of repose!


Fair Quiet, have I found thee here,

And Innocence, thy sister dear?

Mistaken long, I sought you then

In busy companies of men.

Your sacred plants, O if here below,

Only among the plants will grow;

Society is all but rude4

Too this delicious solitude.


No white nor red was ever seen

So amorous as this lovely green.

Fond lovers, cruel as their flame,

Cut in these trees their mistress' name:

Little, alas, they know or heed

How far these beauties hers exceed!

Fair trees, wheresoe'er your barks I wound,

No name shall but your own be found.


When we have run our passion's heat,

O Love hither makes his best retreat.

The gods, that mortal beauty chase,

Still in a tree did end their race:

Apollo hunted Daphne so,

Only that she might laurel grow;

And Pan did after Syrinx speed,

Not as a nymph, but for a reed.


What wondrous life is this I lead!

Ripe apples drop about my head;

The luscious clusters of the vine

Upon my mouth do crush their wine;

The nectarine and curious peach

Into my hands themselves do reach;

Stumbling on melons, as I pass,

Insnared with flowers, I fall on grass.

Meanwhile the mind, from pleasure less,

Withdraws into its happiness;

The mind, that ocean where each kind

Does straight its own resemblance find;

Yet it creates, transcending these,

Far other worlds and other seas,

Annihilating all that's made

To a green thought in a green shade.


Here at the fountain's sliding foot,

Or at some fruit tree's mossy root,

Casting the body's vest aside,

My soul into the boughs does glide:

There, like a bird, it sits and sings,

Then whets and combs its silver wings,

And, till prepared for longer flight,

Waves in its plumes the various light.


Such was that happy garden-state,

While man there walked without a mate:

After a place so pure and sweet,

What other help could yet be meet!

But 'twas beyond a mortal's share

To wander solitary there:

Two paradises 'twere in one

To live in paradise alone.


How well the skillful gardener drew

Of flowers and herbs this dial new,

Where, from above, the milder sun

Does through a fragrant zodiac run;

And as it works, th' industrious bee

Computes its time as well as we!

How could such sweet and wholesome hours

Be reckoned but with herbs and flowers?